According to the teachings of Ayurveda, we as humans can be divided into a composition of three types, Doshas. These basic forces are fixed from birth and are responsible for our physique, mental state, qualities and preferences. In addition, it also determines how we react to certain foods, seasons, the climate and certain situations in life.
With the right proportion and with the ideal environmental factors, the three Doshas provide balance. A change in this ratio creates an imbalance; one Dosha increases slightly, which decreases another. Imbalance is usually caused by our diet and lifestyle.
This imbalance can manifest itself in (mild) mental or physical complaints. The body will give a signal in the form of pain or mental discomfort with the aim of restoring balance. If we ignore or suppress these signals, we can eventually get sick.
The Five Elements form the building materials of the Doshas. These are Space, Air, Fire, Water and Earth. The five elements are not only found in our body, but are found everywhere in nature. With each Dosha, other elements dominate, which means that they have different properties.
Vata (Space and Air)
The properties of these include cold, dry, light and movement. Examples of this are the circulation of your blood and digestion. All movement in the body is due to the properties of Vata. Pain is evidence of a dysregulated Vata.
Pitta (Fire and Water)
Pitta stands for our metabolism or the conversion of food into usable nutrients that can be absorbed by our body. In addition, pita stands for heat, light, humidity, sharpness and coordinates our body temperature, so that the digestive system can function optimally. A disordered pita is characterized by a heated body or red skin
Kapha (Earth and Water)
These elements are heavy elements, so Kapha provides structure, grounding. The water element takes care of this earth. You could think of it as taking care of the earth, the tissues, within us, with the food we have ingested.